Dec 19, 2017 - According to Officer C, he believed Subject 2 may have been .... to Officer E, when his K-9 dog approached the end of the passage, the dog's.
Jan 9, 2018 - when he yelled to the Subject to come out of the bedroom and talk. .... Sergeant A that the rear door and windows were closed, secured with ...
Mar 13, 2017 - Performance official race merchandise booth at the official Health & Fitness ... Expo and serve as the lead cars for the professional men's and women's fields in Sunday's marathon as ... Half Marathon & 5K at the Rose Bowl.
May 24, 2016 - interviewed, Officer A stated he asked the medical questions ... times on the Jail Inspection Record log -- one line for the time they were actually ...
Feb 13, 2018 - person on the ground and he's beating them with the âstickâ, that could lead to death and deadly ... across the street from the original location.
Oct 20, 2015 - Duty-On () Off (X ) Uniform-Yes () No (X)______. Outside City 4/1/15. Officer(s) ... The fired projectile did not exit the wall and was not recovered.
Oct 31, 2017 - Officers were conducting a search, using a K-9 dog, to locate a wanted suspect .... the dog. When asked long before the dog let go of his arm, ...
Jul 21, 2016 - percent multi-year risk of at least one flood exceeding 3 feet from 2016 to 2030, a 69 ... See Methods section below for more discussion of the ... 4,968. 117. High social vulnerability pop. 0. 0. Housing units. 2,987 .... report.pdf.
PONER DE TIEMPO EXTRA: Los padres que llegan tarde a la escuela con sus ... Prepare 1a noche anterior to gue necesita Para el siguiente dia escolar. Una ...
enrollment snapshot 2013-14 TOTAL PUBLIC ENROLLMENT: 652,421 DISTRICT ENROLLMENT:
CHARTER MARKET SHARE:
HOW CHOICE-FRIENDLY ARE AMERICAN CITIES? To answer this question for Los Angeles and the twenty-nine other cities in this study, we combined publicly available data from federal, state, and local governments with proprietary data from a variety of education groups and a questionnaire of local stakeholders. We assigned cities scores from zero to four on multiple measures of choice friendliness, which we grouped into three areas: political support, policy environment, and quantity and quality. Cities received an aggregate score for each area as well as an overall score, which we obtained using a weighted average that estimates each area’s contribution to a city’s overall choice friendliness (more below). For the purposes of this study, we defined “choice” as any alternative to the traditional neighborhood school, including charter, magnet, career and technical education, private or religious, and online or virtual schools, as well as homeschooling or other choice mechanisms, such as vouchers and open or dual enrollment programs. Area I: Political Support (15%) This area assesses the willingness of local officials and other stakeholders to use their political capital to support school choice, as well as the degree to which the local media support choice in the community. Area II: Policy Environment (35%) This area evaluates the policies and practices that ease the challenges that providers and consumers of school choice face. Support for providers includes funding, facilities, and technical assistance, and support for consumers includes information about school performance and school choice writ large, as well as making the act of choosing easier via a common application for all schools. Area III: Quantity & Quality (50%) This area quantifies the school choice options that are available to families (e.g., charter, magnet, and online), as well as the accessibility and quality of those options.
Los 15 Angeles
HOW CHOICE-FRIENDLY IS LOS ANGELES?
In the past decade, the number of charter schools in Los Angeles has quadrupled, while district enrollment has declined by approximately 100,000 students. With over 260 schools and 140,000 students, the city’s charter sector is now the largest in the country in terms of total enrollment, though it still pales in comparison to LAUSD, which enrolls 500,000 students in 1,000-plus schools, including nearly 200 magnet schools. Los Angeles is the birthplace of several high-performing charter networks, including the Green Dot and Alliance networks, as well as a number of highly regarded independent charters, such as High Tech Los Angeles. Moreover, compared to students in district schools, those in Los Angeles charters achieve the equivalent of two to three months of additional learning in reading and math, with Hispanic and low-income students seeing even greater gains. Despite these strong results, however, charters remain a divisive issue in local politics, and in recent years, unions and charter advocates have fought pitched battles over the composition of the Los Angeles school board, the city’s primary charter authorizer.
RANK (OUT OF 30 CITIES) AR E A I
ARE A II
ARE A III
QUANTITY & QUALITY
Los Angeles Results
Area I: Political Support 15 POINTS LOS ANGELES RANKS TWENTYSECOND out of thirty cities on political support, with a score of seven points out of fifteen. This low ranking is attributable to a number of factors. For example, the city’s leading newspaper has been critical of school choice. Although the superintendent and parent groups have supported school choice, the mayor, city council, and school board have remained neutral (or divided), while the teachers’ union has been hostile.
A R E A III PO IN T S QUANTITY & QUALITY
Area III: Quantity & Quality 50 POINTS LOS ANGELES RANKS SIXTEENTH out of thirty cities on quantity and quality, with a score of thirty-five points out of fifty. The city offers a variety of choices to families, including charter, magnet, career and technical education, independent, Catholic, and virtual schools, as well as homeschooling. Mechanisms such as intradistrict open enrollment and dual enrollment programs provide families with access to a robust set of public options. However, because neither Los Angeles nor California has a voucher or tax credit scholarship program, many private schools remain out of reach for most Los Angeles families. Finally, despite operating at a financial disadvantage, Los Angeles charter schools continue to grow their market share and outperform district schools in reading and math.
ARE A I PO IN T S
Area II: Policy Environment 35 POINTS LOS ANGELES RANKS EIGHTH out of thirty cities on policy environment, with a score of twenty-five points out of thirty-five. The city receives high marks for NGO, business, and philanthropic support, and for the number of charter schools that are located in district facilities. However, the absence of a common application system for most types of schools poses a challenge for parents attempting to navigate the enormous system, and the lack of public transportation to schools of choice makes it difficult for some families to access the choices available to them. Finally, despite the number of students that have left the district for charters, Los Angeles Unified does not have a history of closing district schools due to low enrollment.
TO TAL PO IN T S
out of 100
AREA II POIN T S POLICY ENVIRONMENT
Totals may not add up precisely due to rounding.
LOS ANGELES RANKS FIFTEENTH OUT OF THIRTY CITIES OVERALL, with its high mark for policy environment more or less balancing out its low score for political support and middling scores for the quantity and quality of choice. A number of high quality charter providers are active in Los Angeles. However, demand for these options still outstrips supply, and a mixture of union hostility, scarce facilities, and low funding has prevented the sector from achieving even faster growth. Los Angeles families seeking to take advantage of the options available to them also need better logistical supports (such as transportation and a common application).
Los Angeles Results
POINTS OUT OF 4*
1.1.A To what extent do you agree/disagree that the mayor is willing to use his/her political capital to support school choice?
1.1.B To what extent do you agree/disagree that the city council is willing to use its political capital to support school choice?
1.2.C To what extent do you agree/disagree that the media are willing to use their political capital to support school choice?
1.2.D What is the overall tone toward school choice as reflected in the editorials, op-eds, and opinion pieces of Los Angeles’s principal newspaper?
HOW CHOICE-FRIENDLY IS LOS ANGELES?a AREA I: POLITICAL SUPPORT (15%)
1.1 Official Support
1.1.C To what extent do you agree/disagree that the superintendent is willing to use his/her political capital to support school choice? 1.1.D To what extent do you agree/disagree that the school board is willing to use its political capital to support school choice? 1.1.E Has the governor mentioned school choice in his/her “state of the state” speeches? 1.2.A To what extent do you agree/disagree that the teachers’ unions are willing to use their political capital to support school choice? 1.2.B To what extent do you agree/disagree that parent groups are willing to use their political capital to support school choice?
1.2 Community Support
AREA I POINTS (out of 36.00) = 16.99 AREA I SCORE: 16.99/36.00 x 15% = 7.08
AREA II: POLICY ENVIRONMENT (35%) PROVIDER ENVIRONMENT The state has a cap with ample room for growth
2.1.B Are multiple authorizers available to prospective charter school operators in Los Angeles?
2.1.C Is Los Angeles’s largest school district a member of the Portfolio School District Network?
2.2.A Does California have a “right of first refusal” policy for charter schools to obtain facilities?
Between 25% and 50%
2.3.A In how many ways do public entities support schools of choice in Los Angeles (of 8 possible)?b
5 (of 8 possible)*
2.3.B How great is the disparity between district and charter per-pupil funding in Los Angeles?
Greater than 35%
2.3.C Does California law guarantee adequate funding for charter authorizers?
2.4.A Is there a state or local NGO that supports school choice in Los Angeles?
4 (of 9 possible)
Yes, for all types of schools of choice
8 (of 9 possible)
Yes, for all types of schools of choice
8 ( of 8 possible)*
4 (of 5)
Some teachers must be certified
2.1.A To what extent does California charter law restrict the number of charter schools in the state? 2.1 Public Policies
2.2 Public Facilities 2.2.B What percentage of Los Angeles charter schools are located or co-located in city/district-owned buildings?
2.3 Public Support
2.4 NGO Support 2.4.B In how many ways do NGOs in Los Angeles support schools of choice (of 9 possible)? 2.5.A Is there business community support in Los Angeles for schools of choice? 2.5 Business Support 2.5.B In how many ways does the business community in Los Angeles support schools of choice (of 9 possible)? 2.6.A Is there philanthropic support in Los Angeles for schools of choice? 2.6 Philanthropic Support 2.6.B In how many ways does the philanthropic community support schools of choice in Los Angeles (of 8 possible)? 2.6.C Of 5 major national foundations (Broad, Carnegie, Gates, Joyce, Walton) how many support schools of choice in Los Angeles? 2.7.A Are Los Angeles charter schools exempt from local collective bargaining agreements? 2.7 Teacher Policies 2.7.B Are Los Angeles charter schools required to hire certified teachers? 2.8.A Is there a regular review process by an oversight body with authority to sanction authorizers? 2.8 Quality Control
2.8.B What is the average quality score, out of 12, for Los Angeles’s charter authorizers (e.g., do they use academic, financial, and operational performance data to make merit-based renewal decisions?) 2.8.C Does the district have a policy for closing schools with low enrollment and a history of doing so?
AREA II continued on next page...
Los Angeles Results
...AREA II continued 2.9.A
Are student data for schools of choice included in California’s accountability system?
How comprehensive are report cards for Los Angeles schools of choice?
Yes, for all public schools of choice
2.10.A In how many ways is information on school choice disseminated to parents in Los Angeles (of 6 possible)?
5 (of 6 possible)*
2.11.A Does Los Angeles have a common application for schools of choice?
For magnet/CTE schools only
Homeschooled students are ineligible; law does not explicitly address charter eligibility
2.12.A Does Los Angeles provide or subsidize transportation to public schools of choice on equal terms as for district assigned schools?
2.13.A Are Los Angeles homeschooled students and/or students who attend charter schools eligible for district programming, such as music or sports?
AREA II POINTS (out of 102.11) = 73.32 AREA II SCORE: 73.32/102.11 x 35% = 25.13
AREA III: QUANTITY & QUALITY (50%) 3.1.A Are charter schools available to families in Los Angeles?
3.1.B Are magnet and/or CTE schools available to families in Los Angeles?
3.1.C Are independent schools available to families in Los Angeles?
3.1.D Are Catholic schools available to families in Los Angeles?
3.1.E Are online and/or virtual schools available to families in Los Angeles?
3.1.F Is homeschooling available to families in Los Angeles?
3.1 Types of Schools
3.2.A Does the district facilitate intradistrict open enrollment, either through attendance waivers or through a districtwide lottery?
3.2.B Are there interdistrict enrollment options in Los Angeles? Can districts opt out?
Yes, but districts can opt out
Yes, but districts can opt out
3.2.C Are there dual enrollment options in Los Angeles? Can districts opt out? 3.2.D Does California have a voucher or tax credit scholarship program? Is there a voucher or tax credit scholarship program specifically for Los Angeles students?
3.3 Market Share
3.3.A Compared to other cities in the study, what percentage of public schools in Los Angeles are schools of choice (charter, magnet, and/or CTE schools)?
Comparably, a high percentage
3.3.B Compared to other cities in the study, what percentage of students in Los Angeles enroll in charter schools?
Comparably, a high percentage
3.4.A What is the marginal impact of attending a Los Angeles charter school on learning gains in reading?
3.4.B What is the marginal impact of attending a Los Angeles charter school on learning gains in math?
AREA III POINTS (out of 40.00) = 28.00 AREA III SCORE: 28.00/40.00 x 50% = 35.00
TOTAL SCORE: 7.08 + 25.13 + 35.00 = 67.21 table notes a The fifty indicators reflected in the table represent the aggregation of over one hundred discrete data points. All questionnaire data are current as of November 30, 2014. References to elected officials in Area I reflect those in office as of this date as well. All terms are generic, such as “superintendent,” which can be applied to cities that have chancellors or other leaders. Depending on the context, the term “Los Angeles” refers to the city as a whole or to Los Angeles Unified School District, the largest district in the city. The latter is the case when the indicator is determined at the district level.
b For the definition of “schools of choice,” see Appendix A.
* A few indicators may be worth less than four points due to missing data. An asterisk indicates partially missing data for a given indicator. In these cases, we subtracted an appropriate amount from the indicator and area denominators. For example, Los Angeles has only partial information for indicator 2.3.A, so we subtracted 0.44 points from the 2.3.A and Area II denominators.
For complete details on the data sources and scoring for each indicator and its component subindicators, see Appendix A.